Laemel, Simon von
- (1766-1845)Austrian financier. He was a wealthy wool trader. He helped end the Jewish poll tax and reduce Jewish tax in Bohemia. He was ennobled for his financial service to Austria during the Napoleonic wars.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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Laemel, Simon von — (1766–1845) Austrian financier. Von Laemel, a wealthy wool trader, was ennobled for his financial service to Austria in the Napoleonic wars. He helped end the degrading Jewish poll tax (1813) and reduce the Jewish tax in Bohemia (1817). His… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
LAEMEL (Laemmel), SIMON VON — (1766–1845), Austrian manufacturer, merchant, and functionary. In 1787 Von Laemel founded a wholesale firm in Prague and devoted himself to the wool industry, improving flocks and methods of wool processing. He later moved to Vienna where he was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Leopold von Lämel — Leopold Lämel, ab 1811 Edler von Lämel, ab 1856 Ritter von Lämel, auch Lämmel (* 18. September 1790 in Prag, Böhmen; † 19. August 1867 ebenda) war ein österreichischer Großhändler, Bankier sowie böhmischer Landtagsabgeordneter in Prag und Wien.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
AUSTRIA — AUSTRIA, country in Central Europe. Middle Ages Jews lived in Austria from the tenth century. However the history of the Jews in Austria from the late Middle Ages was virtually that of the Jews in vienna and its environs. In the modern period,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EHRENSTAMM — EHRENSTAMM, family of pioneering textile manufacturers in the Hapsburg Empire in the 18th–19th centuries. Solomon Jacob, a son of Phinehas illovy , was first known by the family name of Kolin. He settled in prostejov (Prossnitz) in 1752 as a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
LIBEREC — (Ger. Reichenberg), city in N. Bohemia, Czech Republic. There were 60 Jews in Liberec in 1582. There was no community in the city during the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries. Although there were 57 Jews in Liberec in 1811, no community… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
VIENNA — VIENNA, capital of austria . Documentary evidence points to the first settlement of Jews in the 12th century. The first Jew known by name is shlom (Solomon), mintmaster and financial adviser to Duke Leopold V. The community possessed a synagogue… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
LANGUAGE WAR — (Ger. Sprachenkampf), campaign waged during the winter of 1913/14 by the Hebrew Teachers Union in Ereẓ Israel against the hilfsverein der deutschen juden over the issue of the language of instruction in Hilfsverein educational institutions. The… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BOHEMIA — (Cz. Čecny, Česko, Tschechien; Ger. Boehmen; Heb. פעהם, פיהם, כנען, בהם), independent kingdom in Central Europe, until the beginning of the 14th century, affiliated later in the Middle Ages with the Holy Roman Empire. In 1526 it became part of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CULTURAL LIFE — Introduction The movement for the return to Zion which emerged as a force at the end of the 19th century was based on a variety of motivations, including the political – the demand for an independent homeland where the Jews could forge their own… … Encyclopedia of Judaism